Sterilization methods for medical devices are an essential component of ensuring patient safety and the efficacy of healthcare practices. These methods involve the meticulous elimination of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, and spores, from medical equipment and devices. Common sterilization techniques include steam sterilization, ethylene oxide (EtO) sterilization, gamma radiation, and chemical sterilants. Each method is selected based on the specific requirements of the device and materials involved. Whether it's surgical instruments, implants, or diagnostic equipment, the application of these sterilization methods plays a critical role in preventing infections and maintaining the highest standards of healthcare hygiene.